5 Words You Almost Never Need in a Sentence

5 Words You Almost Never Need in a Sentence

我的高中英语老师称他们为“枯货”。我听到他们称之为“通货膨胀词”,“填充”“绒毛”,“杂乱”和“沙发马铃薯话”。你可能对他们有另一种宠物名称。

他们是你几乎不需要句子的话。他们占据空间,行程舌头,让读者沿着长时间蜿蜒的道路下降,直接蜿蜒,直接会这样做。

Many exist, but a few grind my gears, because they show up in everything I edit. Once you commit this list to memory, they’ll jump off the page, and you won’t believe you ever deigned to include them before.

5个字,你(几乎)永远不需要句子

Cut these from your writing! Here are five words you never need in a sentence.

1. Different

Writers use “different” often to indicate variety, but I rarely encounter a “different” I can’t cut from a sentence without changing the sentence’s meaning.

  • 我们有许多不同类型的汤。→我们有很多类型的汤。
  • 每个服务员都服务于餐厅的不同部分。→每个服务员都服务于餐厅的一部分。
  • You have several different options for dinner. → You have options for dinner.

单词“类型”,“段”和“选项”每个意味着差异,所以这个词是不必要的。没有冗余的句子更清晰。请注意第三个例子中的“几个”。这只是说“不同”的另一种方式,以便原始句子淹没在脂肪中。

2. That

在获得后,我在日常生活中建立了这一点这个自我编辑的提示from TWL’s founder Alexis Grant: Nix “that.”

当你说话时,它会滚下舌头,但它呈现你的书面句子。另外,它很容易削减:字面上是Ctrl + F你的文件,因为“那个”,并将其剪切你可以在没有卷绕你的句子的情况下砍掉。

  • 你能相信她不想和我们一起来吗?→你能相信她不想和我们一起去吗?
  • 我知道你不想要这个。→我知道你不想要这个。
  • She decided that she’d go after all. → She decided she’d go after all.

3. Currently

Itfeelsnecessary, I know. Youfeel就像你不得不说“我目前在Acme Co.工作”但你没有。“我在Acme Co.工作”意味着同样的事情。

在极少数情况下,“目前”可能有助于澄清现在与另一个时间相反的内容。但大多数时候,一个简单的礼物动词就会做诀窍。

  • 她目前正在约会泰勒,但之前她嫁给了杰米。→她正在约会泰勒,但之前她与杰米结婚了。
  • I’m currently between jobs. → I’m between jobs.
  • Currently, you have two options for student loans. → You have two options for student loans.

4. Certain, specific or particular

Confoundingly, these words are vague, which makes them useless to most sentences. I can’t tell whether writers use them in an attempt to narrow the definition of a noun or for emphasis. Either way, they don’t work.

Cutting these will strengthen a sentence, but replacing them with a more precise modifier will do even better.

  • A specific location → a location → a location to be named by your instructor
  • 一定量→数量→大量
  • Your particular problems → your problems → your unusual problems

5. Very, really, totally — any emphasizing adverb

Instead of adding a boring adverb to emphasize the greatness of an adjective or verb — e.g. “really big” or “greatly appreciate” — use a stronger adjective or verb on its own.

Instances of these adverbs abound, but here are a few examples and alternatives, from simple to I-obviously-own-a-thesaurus.

  • 非常大的→巨大,巨大,巨大,壮丽
  • Really want → desire, crave, covet, yearn for
  • 极高的→巨人,高耸,飙升,高度
  • 很可能→可能,可行,预期,预期
  • Totally surprised → astonished, dumbfounded, flabbergasted, nonplused
  • Greatly appreciated → applauded, relished, treasured, extolled
  • 真正相信→肯定,得出结论,假设,raticinate

本文最初发表于此Notes newsletter, a monthly selection of pet peeves, warnings, advice, secrets and pro-tips for pitching, writing and — above all — keeping editors happy.

延迟会见“通过喇嘛”Prasitsuwan /照片Shutterstock

Filed Under:118金博宝app

19 comments

  • PQ PQ化学 说:

    The words you picked on are in common use, whereas your alternatives tend to be more unusual.
    Ernest Hemmingway said, “use simple language”.

  • Cheryl Kohan 说:

    “几乎不需要”是这里的关键。有时这些话是完全合适的。

  • Andria Goldin 说:

    “只是”是我的宠物拐杖。

    “回到”是我的宠物偷偷摸摸。与“2月”回来“或”2019年回来“。

  • ipoguru 说:

    这很棒!有没有办法学习消除句子中的这些单词?

  • 肖伦S. 说:

    我的挑战是相反的。我倾向于削减太多。我一直在努力在yoast seo应用程序中满足30%的过渡词目标。

  • Rosemary Pizzullo 说:

    当人们写或说“几乎从不”时对我来说非常恼火。它是“几乎”或“永远不会”。它不可能都是。然而,很多人受过良好教育的人。此外,现在更容易接受。

  • 米歇尔 说:

    我有罪。这是帮助我没有意识到我需要。谢谢。

  • I think, most people these days prefer SEO friendly words. Seems, literature is somewhere losing its existence in the realm of the Internet. There is certainly a dilemma. ‘Whether to choose proper words” or “to choose SEO friendly words to rank higher in search results”. How do you see this?

  • Esther O'Hara. 说:

    现在得到的这个词是广泛使用的,这是正确的,我发现最烦人

  • SHELAGH GORDON TALBOT 说:

    Altitudinous! What a great word – have never used it in a sentence before but now am rethinking!

  • Roumen 说:

    谢谢。Very (see what I did here) useful piece. Grammarly would love you. But I’m not sure when and where the obsession with short sentences began.

  • Oh, this made me smile! I’m tagging you on LinkedIn because of “that” being on your list. You brought back memories …

  • Cole Young 说:

    Yes, I have felt these ‘buffer’ words to be getting in the way. It’s good to have you confirm. Like Neil, I’ve managed to eliminate ‘that’ and ‘very’, but ned to work on the others. Thanks for “that”!

  • Robbin Rogers 说:

    为了什么时候没有订购。

  • c de la nougerede 说:

    The words you picked on are in common use, whereas your alternatives tend to be more unusual.
    Ernest Hemmingway said, “use simple language”.
    替代方案往往会听起来好像你试图豪华。“我是一个受过教育的作家。我使用异常的话语。“

  • ngigi. 说:

    Very enlightened. I use these often verbally, thus when I write, it spills over. Thank you so much Dana

  • Georgia 说:

    我必须承认,我经常使用“目前”和“不同”在我的故事和论文中。这篇文章如此欣赏。我曾经有一位写作教练告诉我,大多数句子都有多么不必要的“”。每当我证明我的工作时,我从来没有忘记他的提示。现在,感谢你,我不会忘记剩下的四个不必要的话!

  • I totally disagree with you on every one of these.
    我一直在写五十年,在广播,电视,报纸上,现在有七本书。
    目前,我真的相信,虽然这些是需要以不同方式使用的话,每个词都具有某种特定或特别强调,但它们是我们称谓的词汇的重要组成部分。
    Of course, I could be wrong.

  • Neil Larkins 说:

    I am guilty of using all of these. I learned to eliminate that a few years ago, but these others still manage to get into my work. They really do. Thanks

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